Foodservice Equipment & Supplies

AUG 2019

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50 FOODSERVICE EQUIPMENT & SUPPLIES AUGUST 2019 consume the product in a particular state, most states do not allow consump- tion anywhere outside of the home. Yet as cannabis becomes more widely used, many of those who use it want to do so outside of the home. Most states and municipalities, even where cannabis is legal, however, pro- hibit consumption in public places. Once relegated to underground chefs, caterers and private dinner party hosts, cannabis' entry into the com- mercial foodservice space, albeit slow, seems to be due mostly to advocates in the food and hospitality sector. Political advocates are, of course, also strong proponents of cannabis education and welcome the passage of laws that allow new business licenses to serve the products. The cafe or bar serving cannabis has just started to appear in the form of consumption lounges, typically in the back of dispensaries — retail outlets that sell both recreational and medical marijuana. In January, West Hollywood, Calif., became the €rst municipality in California to legalize marijuana. Several businesses, includ- ing restaurants and cafes, now hold licenses to serve the product, although €nal approval to move forward is still pending at the state level. Budberry Founder and CEO Jon Locarni is one of those business own- ers who earned a West Hollywood license to open a cannabis store, con- sumption lounge and cafe with baked goods during the day and cannabis- infused beverages during the evening. Chef Holden Jagger, with sister and chief mixologist Rachel Burkons, founders of Altered Plates, a cannabis consulting, events and product devel- opment company in Los Angeles, also earned a West Hollywood cannabis license. They intend to name their 3,500-square-foot social lounge and restaurant space Chroma and feature CBD and cannabis-infused food and nonalcoholic beverages. "This is still a new growth area and at this point, knowledge is scarce," says Jagger, who notes the irony of potentially allowing smoking (or vap- ing) in restaurants and bars after years of pushing cigarettes out of those four walls. "Cannabis is truly pairing driven and is often treated like wine," he says. "The idea is to push the regulations to create a safe space where people can enjoy the product." Even celebrities intend to get in the cannabis game. For example, former boxer Mike Tyson has plans to open a cannabis-friendly resort in California. Cooking wh Cannabis While the legislative pieces continue to shake out the business structure, the idea of cooking with cannabis contin- ues to take shape. There are clearly special considerations that chefs must take when working with a controlled substance. Part of cooking with cannabis requires education on the different ratios of potential THC-laced food or beverages. A bit like cooking to food- safe temperatures, cannabis brings with it a whole extra learning element. To use in cooking, Jagger says, cannabis needs to €rst be heated to activate the psychotropic characteris- tics of THC (decarboxylation). THC can be extracted in other, more indus- trial ways, most notably "winterizing," which involves dissolving the extract in ethanol and freezing the mixture at sub-zero temperatures before remov- ing the waxes, or through distillation methods that use liquid butane or propane solvent. And then there are the measure- ments (ratios) of THC grams to food or —our that need to be taken into consid- eration for serving, especially if serving a multicourse meal. Also worth noting: THC-laced beverages tend to metabo- lize faster than THC in food. Too-high temperatures during cooking can also destroy the psychoactive and nutritional properties of cannabis and CBD. Venice, Calif.-based Bull&Dragon Buds/Flowers: The portion of the can- nabis plants which are dried and sold Cannabis: The common name for the plant cannabis sativa and prod- ucts derived from these plants Cannabinoid: A chemical compound in the cannabis plant, with THC and CBD being the most well-known by-products CBD: A nonpsychoactive chemical compound Concentrate: Cannabis-derived ex- tracts with very high levels of THC. Edibles: Orally consumed cannabis products such as baked goods, candies, gummies Hash: The extracted resin of the cannabis plant, which can be smoked, added to a vaporizer or cooked into foods and oils Hemp: A breed of the cannabis plant with almost nonexistent THC levels Indica: Cannabis varieties known for their relaxing, sleep-inducing eects Marijuana: The dried leaves and flowering tops of the pistillate hemp plant that yield THC and are typically smoked for their intoxicating eect MMJ: The term for medical marijuana Oils: The cannabis plant produces many oils: THC-infusd cannabis oil and hash oil, and non-THC hemp seed and CBD oil. All of them are appropriate for cooking Sativa: Cannabis varieties known for producing an uplifting and energiz- ing eect Terpenes: This term refers to the flavor and aromatic compounds in cannabis. THC: Tetrahydrocannabinol, the chem- ical compound primarily responsible for cannabis' psychoactive properties Tinctures: Liquid cannabis concen- trates extracted using alcohol Trichomes: Crystal-like resin glands that cover the buds of the cannabis plant Source: Datassential Gloary of Cannabis Terms

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